Research Proposal includes:

Outline of scientific research is a skeleton of your research paper. This is the first step to start a research study. For every research paper, we need to write down an outline which includes ten steps below:

  • Title:
    • The title must reflect the most condensed research paper.
    • The title must convey only a meaning. The title does not make the reader is misunderstood or understand in a different way.
    • The title includes at least 3 parts: The aim, the research approach, and the research methods. The aim is the overarching aim of the study. the research approach is the theoretical basis and application range approach. And the research methods are the methods are using in the research.
  • Rationale:
    • Explain the reason why to choose the theme. Showing the matters of previous research. What matters has not been researched yet or unclarified. It can be also an emergency work or it meets resources and human resources.
  • Literature (history of the study):
    • The history of the study is the information about the study. We will analyze the brief history of other studies. Clarifying the other studies levels. Next, we have to find the fields that have not been researched
    • This section shows the previous studies related to our research paper. Showing what they did and we will the above works to demonstrate our research is unique and is not duplicated in other studies.
  • Aims and objectives of the study
    • This section answers the question of why this research is being done.
    • Outline the objectives of the research to answer the research questions. The research aim is the answer to the question what is the purpose of the research. And the objectives are the answer to research questions what will we do to demonstrate the study.
  • Sample of the study
    • Research samples are a group of people, objects, or items that are taken from the research study.  The research sample could be representative of the study population.
  • Scope of the study
    • The research scope is the limitations on research subjects, surveyed subjects, and research time. Basically, the scope of the study will define what the study is going to cover and what it is focusing on.
    • There are four scopes of the study: the size of the samples, the space, the time, and the research content.
  • Research questions
    • The research question is known as the scientific problem or the research problem. These are the core questions of a research project. The research question is shown when the researcher is faced with the contradiction between the limitation of scientific knowledge in the existing theory and the newly arising practical problems. Or research questions are asked when there is a need to develop that knowledge at a higher level.
    • To find the research questions, we can use the methods: Identifying disagreements in scientific debate, thinking different from common thoughts, identifying problems in practical activities, listening to the complaints of the people, detecting strengths and weaknesses in colleagues’ research, suddenly questions.
  • Research hypothesis
    • The research hypothesis is a preliminary statement or a hypothetical conclusion about the nature of things made by the researcher to prove or disprove.
    • The research hypothesis is the preliminary answer to research questions. the research hypothesis is the researcher’s judgments that need to be proved about the nature of things.
  • Methods
    • Research methods are the strategies or techniques to collect the data and evidence for analysis to uncover new information or create a better understanding of a topic.
    • In research design, there are three types of research: qualitative research, quantitative research, and mixed methods research.
    • In the method of study, to prove the point, we have the research approach, data collection, and data analysis.
  • Evidence
    • To prove a scientific point. The researcher needs evidence. Evidence is proof that an author’s hypothesis is true.
    • In science, there are two kinds of evidence: theoretical and practical evidence. Theoretical evidence is got from documents, scientific work of previous studies, or theoretical background. Practical evidence is got from data collection like observation, experiment, interview, investigation, or extraction from the reports of research works of colleagues.

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